September 02, 2014

Ancient Tomb in Amphipolis Revealed - Updated


From Live Science:         

In ancient Amphipolis in central Macedonia, archaeologists have been excavating a huge burial complex that dates back to the 4th century B.C., during the the era of Alexander the Great. The excavators don't know what they'll find inside but they recently revealed the sphinx-guarded entrance to the tomb. 

From You Tube:
Greek PM Samaras visits the Kasta Tumulus on August 12, 2014
Tomb of Amphipolis (presentation website & Facebook page - "Like" it!): &
City of Amphipolis:
Dinocrates the Architect:

1. A surrounding wall of 497 m, unique among Macedonian tombs.
2. Two statues of Sphinxes on either side of the door, which was served by a large (4.5 m wide) road.
3. The "Lion of Amphipolis", of a height of 5.25 m itself, is now, apparently, definitely attributed (by the architect Mr. Lefantzis) to this monument, its original position being at the summit of the tumulus.
4. According to Mrs. Ekaterini Peristeri, the Ephorate director and current chief excavator of the site, the monument "bears the signature of the famous architect and friend of Alexander, Dinocrates".
5. Mrs. Peristeri dates the monument to "the last quarter of the 4th century", i.e. 325-300.
6. The marble used for the surrounding wall comes from the neighboring island of Thasos, specifically the quarry of Alyki. This means that the large blocks were transported by sea, an expensive and difficult operation.

Note: The archaeological excavations at the Kasta tumulus were carried out by Mr. Dimitris Lazaridis between 1965-1985 and restarted in 2009.




Picture credit: Science Alert 

Female Stone Statues Revealed in Ancient Greek Tomb

Why Was the Tomb at Amphipolis Built?

Archaeologist Katerina Peristeri claimed in a press conference yesterday that the vaulted tomb excavated last year in Amphipolis “was a funerary monument for Hephaestion,” Alexander the Great’s closest friend and general. At least five skeletons were found in the tomb, which featured twin statues of sphinxes and young women, a painted frieze, and a mosaic floor. Peristeri said that fragments of Hephaestion’s monogram have also been found inscribed in the tomb.

 According to a report by the Associated Press, Peristeri explained that there is no evidence that Hephaestion was buried at the site, but that it might be one of a series of monuments Alexander erected to his memory in 324 B.C. Panayiotis Faklaris of the University of Thessaloniki disagrees. “There is no historic or scientific basis,” for the claims he said. “Hephaestion had no connection with Amphipolis.” To read more about the Amphipolis tomb, one of last year's Top 10 Discoveries, go to "Greece's Biggest Tomb.

With many thanks to Archaeology.

Related posts: 

First Pharaoh Ruled Ancient Egypt Earlier Than First Thought  
The Antikythera Mechanism - The World's Oldest Known Computer
World’s Oldest Rock Art Found In Indonesia
Archaeologists Digging Up Cecile B DeMille's Movie Treasures
Tuthmosis-era Temple Found Under Egyptian House 

China's Lost Civilization: The Mystery Of Sanxingdui
Symbolic Tomb of Egyptian God Osiris Found
Some Rare and Important Archaeological Finds
Easter Island: Scientists Are Closer To Understanding What Wiped Out Its Society
Largest Trove of Gold Coins Ever Discovered In Israel By Divers  
Relief of Queen Nefertiti
Gold Treasures Discovered in Ming Dynasty Tomb 
Unique Mosaic Images Uncovered in Fifth-Century Synagogue
Philip of Macedonia, Greece’s Ancient King, Found
Queen Nefertiti: Was She Hidden In King Tutankhamun’s Tomb? 
England’s Lost Colonists ‘Went Native’ In America
The Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain
The Antikythera Mechanism: Second Expedition Seeks More Mechanism Remains 
 Discovery Of Ancient Cave Paintings In Petra
Scientists Find ‘Superhenge’ That Could Be Five Times The Area Of Stonehenge
Rome Reborn – An Amazing Digital Model of Ancient Rome
A Day in Pompeii 
Ippolito Rosellini: The Monuments of Egypt And Nubia
The Holigost: 600 Year Old Pride of Henry V’s Fleet May Have Been Found
Gem-Filled Warrior's Tomb Discovered in Ancient Greek City
Amenhotep’s Fragmented Book Of The Dead Found 
Acra: Ancient Citadel Unearthed In Jerusalem 
Is Queen Nefertiti Buried In King Tutankhaman’s Tomb? - Latest News
King Hezekiah's Seal Impression Found
Spanish Galleon San Jose Discovered Laden With Treasure Off Colombia 
Has The Lost Island Of Kane Been Found?
'Britain's Pompeii' Found at Bronze Age Settlement  
Babylonians Tracked Jupiter with Fancy Math, Tablet Reveals 
New Clues to Ancient Roman Art Discovered in Egyptian Mummy Portraits
Hidden Rooms In King Tut’s Tomb May Contain Organic Material 
Ancestral Puebloans Were Hit By Boom and Bust
Bible Breakthrough Found In Israel
Queen Hatshepsut's Building Blocks Discovered
Nefertiti Still Missing: King Tut's Tomb Shows No Hidden Chambers
The World's 20 Most Impressive Ancient Builds
Dagger in King Tut's Tomb Was Made With Iron From A Meteorite 
Rare Ancient Greek Gold Crown Discovered Under A Bed. 
Team Testing New Scanner on Egypt's Great Pyramid
Ancient Mayan Observatory Was Used To Track Venus And Mars
Has The Gateway to Ancient Greek God's Compound Been Uncovered?
Archaeologists Find 22 Ancient Greek Shipwrecks
Archaeologists Reveal Probable Sites Of Two Missions That Predate The Alamo

Palace Found At Tintagel, Fabled Birthplace Of King Arthur 
Marble Statues of Aphrodite Unearthed At Petra
Did the Greeks Help Sculpt China's Terra Cotta Warriors?
Egyptian Mummy And Temple 4200 Years Old With Well-Preserved Art Revealed